Lesson Objectives

As a result of activities in grades 5-8, all students should develop:

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Understanding about scientific inquiry. |

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Abilities necessary to do scientific inquiry: identify questions, design an investigation, collect and interpret data, use evidence, think critically, analyze and predict, communicate, and use mathematics. |

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The learner will recognize examples of Newton's Laws in the physical world. |

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The learner will demonstrate that an object in motion or at rest will stay in motion or at rest unless acted upon by an outside force. (First Law) |

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The learner will predict and determine the acceleration of an object when given the variables of mass and force. (Second Law) |

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The learner will conclude every action is followed by a reaction equal in magnitude and opposite in direction. (Third Law) |

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The learner will explain the effects of the forces of lift, thrust, drag, and friction. |

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The learner will specify the expected change in motion caused by unbalanced forces acting on an object. |

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The learner will determine the faster fluids move, the less pressure they exert. |

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The learner will conclude there are more than 100 known elements that combine in a multitude of ways to produce compounds, which account for all living and non-living substances. |

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The learner will demonstrate that atoms combine to form molecules and molecules formed from different atoms combine to form compounds. |

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The learner will recognize a substance has characteristics, such as density, viscosity, boiling point, and solubility, all of which are independent of the amount of the sample. |

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The learner will identify the state of matter represented by a molecular diagram. |

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The learner will identify examples of compound molecules. |

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The learner will explain how changes in states of matter are the results of changes in kinetic energy. |

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The learner will explain the relationships between temperature, kinetic energy, and states of matter. |

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The learner will differentiate between a physical change in which matter changes state or form and a chemical change in which one or more new substances are formed. |

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The learner will conclude a change in the state of matter of a substance is the result of a change in kinetic energy. |

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The learner will conclude that energy in a system is conserved and may change from one form to another. |

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The learner will identify examples of physical and chemical change. |

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The learner will determine there are a number of characteristic properties of air including mass, weight, density, volume, and pressure. |

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The learner will discover air pressure is not constant, varies with altitude, is inversely proportionate to velocity, and varies with changes in kinetic energy. |

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The learner will identify gases and their proportions that make up the Earth's atmosphere. |

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The learner will categorize air as a fluid, similar to the ocean, based on observable properties. |

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The learner will explain the relationship between air pressure and temperature. |

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The learner will apply the principle that air exerts pressure in all directions. |

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The learner will identify the density of earth's atmosphere. |

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The learner will identify and define authentic problems and significant questions for investigation. |

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The learner will plan and manage activities to develop a solution or complete a project. |

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The learner will collect and analyze data to identify solutions and/or make informed decisions. |

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The learner will use multiple processes and diverse perspectives to explore alternative solutions. |

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The learner will use technological tools to gather, evaluate, and use information. |

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The learner will recognize the benefits of advancements in technology tools which provide information relating to location and distance. |

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The learner will use coordinate points of latitude and longitude to specify locations and navigate from one point to another. |

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The learner will recognize the engineering design process is a method of problem solving used to create a system, a product, or a process that meets an identified need. |

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The learner will construct a 3-D scale model based on geometric relationships using engineering design software and computer technology as required by OASD/RA |

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* The learner will use engineering design software to demonstrate basic CAD operation and skills in the areas of: - sketching (2-D geometry creation and modifications) - geometric and dimensional constraints (applying appropriate constraints) - modeling (3-D modeling skills and modifications) - assemblies (understanding and creating simple assemblies) |

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The learner will relate geometric relationships and mathematical applications to parameters of CAD. |

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The learner will apply basic computer skills such as mouse dexterity, keyboarding, data entry, and folder navigation. |

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The learner will define the relationship between the diameter and radius of a circle. |

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The learner will solve problems using fractions, decimals, and percents. |

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Learners will express numbers using scientific notation. |

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The learner will select and apply appropriate standard units and tools to measure length, area, volume, mass, and degree of angles. |

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The learner will recognize geometric properties and relationships that arise in the classroom or in everyday life. |

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The learner will recognize geometric shapes and angles. |

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The learner will collect data using observations and experiments. |

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The learner will represent data using tables and graphs. |

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The learner will interpret data from tables and graphs. |

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The learner will develop an awareness that scientists, technicians, engineers and mathematicians work on military facilities. |

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The learner will correlate their academic endeavors in STEM areas to real-world applications in career fields. |