Lesson Objectives
The lesson objectives for the STARBASE instruction are listed below.

Science as Inquiry:

As a result of activities in grades 5-8, all students should develop:
  Understanding about scientific inquiry.
  Abilities necessary to do scientific inquiry: identify questions, design an investigation, collect and interpret data, use evidence, think critically, analyze and predict, communicate, and use mathematics.

Topics and Objectives:

E3.1.1.1. Physics 3.5 hrs

A. Newton's Three Laws of Motion

  The learner will recognize examples of Newton's Laws in the physical world.
  The learner will demonstrate that an object in motion or at rest will stay in motion or at rest unless acted upon by an outside force. (First Law)
  The learner will predict and determine the acceleration of an object when given the variables of mass and force. (Second Law)
  The learner will conclude every action is followed by a reaction equal in magnitude and opposite in direction. (Third Law)
  The learner will explain the effects of the forces of lift, thrust, drag, and friction.

B. Fluid Mechanics and Aerodynamics

  The learner will specify the expected change in motion caused by unbalanced forces acting on an object.
  The learner will determine the faster fluids move, the less pressure they exert.

E3.1.1.2. Chemistry Sciences 4.25 hrs

A. Building Blocks of Matter

  The learner will conclude there are more than 100 known elements that combine in a multitude of ways to produce compounds, which account for all living and non-living substances.
  The learner will demonstrate that atoms combine to form molecules and molecules formed from different atoms combine to form compounds.
  The learner will recognize a substance has characteristics, such as density, viscosity, boiling point, and solubility, all of which are independent of the amount of the sample.
  The learner will identify the state of matter represented by a molecular diagram.
  The learner will identify examples of compound molecules.
  The learner will explain how changes in states of matter are the results of changes in kinetic energy.
  The learner will explain the relationships between temperature, kinetic energy, and states of matter.

B. Physical and Chemical Changes

  The learner will differentiate between a physical change in which matter changes state or form and a chemical change in which one or more new substances are formed.
  The learner will conclude a change in the state of matter of a substance is the result of a change in kinetic energy.
  The learner will conclude that energy in a system is conserved and may change from one form to another.
  The learner will identify examples of physical and chemical change.

C. Atmospheric Properties

  The learner will determine there are a number of characteristic properties of air including mass, weight, density, volume, and pressure.
  The learner will discover air pressure is not constant, varies with altitude, is inversely proportionate to velocity, and varies with changes in kinetic energy.
  The learner will identify gases and their proportions that make up the Earth's atmosphere.
  The learner will categorize air as a fluid, similar to the ocean, based on observable properties.
  The learner will explain the relationship between air pressure and temperature.
  The learner will apply the principle that air exerts pressure in all directions.
  The learner will identify the density of earth's atmosphere.

E3.1.1.3. Technology 4.0 hrs

A. Innovations

  The learner will identify and define authentic problems and significant questions for investigation.
  The learner will plan and manage activities to develop a solution or complete a project.
  The learner will collect and analyze data to identify solutions and/or make informed decisions.
  The learner will use multiple processes and diverse perspectives to explore alternative solutions.

B. Navigation and Mapping

  The learner will use technological tools to gather, evaluate, and use information.
  The learner will recognize the benefits of advancements in technology tools which provide information relating to location and distance.
  The learner will use coordinate points of latitude and longitude to specify locations and navigate from one point to another.

E3.1.1.4. Engineering 4.25 hrs

A. Engineering Design Process (EDP)

  The learner will recognize the engineering design process is a method of problem solving used to create a system, a product, or a process that meets an identified need.

B. 3-D Computer-Aided Design (3.0 hrs as mandated by OASD/RA)

  The learner will construct a 3-D scale model based on geometric relationships using engineering design software and computer technology as required by OASD/RA
  * The learner will use engineering design software to demonstrate basic CAD operation and skills in the areas of:
- sketching (2-D geometry creation and modifications)
- geometric and dimensional constraints (applying appropriate constraints)
- modeling (3-D modeling skills and modifications)
- assemblies (understanding and creating simple assemblies)
  The learner will relate geometric relationships and mathematical applications to parameters of CAD.
  The learner will apply basic computer skills such as mouse dexterity, keyboarding, data entry, and folder navigation.
  The learner will define the relationship between the diameter and radius of a circle.

E3.1.1.5. Mathematics Operations & Applications 4.25 hrs

A. Numbers and Number Relationships

  The learner will solve problems using fractions, decimals, and percents.
  Learners will express numbers using scientific notation.

B. Measurement

  The learner will select and apply appropriate standard units and tools to measure length, area, volume, mass, and degree of angles.

C. Geometry

  The learner will recognize geometric properties and relationships that arise in the classroom or in everyday life.
  The learner will recognize geometric shapes and angles.

D. Data Analysis

  The learner will collect data using observations and experiments.
  The learner will represent data using tables and graphs.
  The learner will interpret data from tables and graphs.

E3.1.1.6. STEM Careers 5.0 hrs

A. STEM Careers on Military Facilities

  The learner will develop an awareness that scientists, technicians, engineers and mathematicians work on military facilities.

B. Personal Investigations

  The learner will correlate their academic endeavors in STEM areas to real-world applications in career fields.