Motion & Force
• The learner will recognize examples of motion and force in the physical world.
• The learner will demonstrate that an object in motion will stay in motion or an object at rest will stay at rest unless acted upon by an outside force. (Newton’s First Law)
• The learner will determine that acceleration is produced when a force acts on a mass. The greater the mass, the greater the amount of force necessary to accelerate the mass. (Newton’s Second Law)
• The learner will conclude every action is followed by a reaction equal in magnitude and opposite in direction.(Newton’s Third Law)
• The learner will understand that fluid mechanics is the study of gases and liquids at rest (fluid statics) and gases and liquids in motion (fluid mechanics).
• The learner will understand that any material that flows is a fluid, which has no fixed shape, and changes its shape continuously when acted on by an external stress.
• The learner will identify a fluid as a liquid or gas.
• The learner will determine there are a number of characteristic properties of fluids such as density, viscosity, surface tension, and compressibility and that they are responsible for phenomena such as pressure, buoyancy, and aerodynamic lift.
Building Blocks of Matter
• The learner will conclude there are more than 100 known elements that combine in a multitude of ways to produce compounds, which account for all living and non-living substances.
• The learner will demonstrate that atoms combine to form molecules and molecules formed from different atoms combine to form compounds.
• The learner will recognize a substance has characteristics, such as density, viscosity, boiling point, and solubility, all of which are independent of the amount of the sample.